Rare Precious Gemstones: An In-Depth Guide to Exquisite and Valuable Gems

Gemstones rarer than diamonds are often overlooked, but they hold a unique beauty and value. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore ten stunning gemstones that are highly sought after by collectors and jewelry enthusiasts. These rare gemstones include paraíba tourmaline, tanzanite, Burma ruby, jadeite, alexandrite, ammolite, Kashmir sapphire, natural pearl, red beryl, and benitoite. Each gemstone boasts exceptional qualities and captivating colors, making them valuable additions to any gemstone collection or piece of rare gemstone jewelry.

Key Takeaways:

  • Rare precious gemstones offer a unique allure and value that captivate collectors and enthusiasts.
  • Paraíba tourmaline, tanzanite, Burma ruby, jadeite, and alexandrite are among the highly sought-after rare gemstones.
  • These gemstones are not only beautiful but also hold significant value as potential gemstone investments.
  • Collectors and enthusiasts can enrich their collections with these exquisite and valuable gemstones.
  • Explore the world of rare gemstones to uncover the treasures that await.

Paraíba Tourmaline: A Bright and Saturated Gemstone

Paraíba tourmaline is a gemstone that has captivated gemstone enthusiasts with its vibrant blue-green hues. Originating from Brazil’s Paraíba state, this rare gemstone has also been found in Mozambique and Nigeria. Its unique colors and scarcity have made paraíba tourmaline highly sought after by collectors and jewelry connoisseurs.

The beauty of paraíba tourmaline lies in its intense saturation of color. The gemstone’s bright blue and green tones create a mesmerizing visual appeal, making it a standout choice for those who appreciate unique gemstones. The per carat price of paraíba tourmaline has steadily risen over the years, reflecting its increasing demand and rarity.

To showcase the exceptional qualities of paraíba tourmaline, let’s take a closer look at a comparison table:

Gemstone Color Origin Price (per carat)
Paraíba Tourmaline Vibrant blue-green Brazil, Mozambique, Nigeria $10,000+
Aquamarine Light blue Brazil, Madagascar $100-$1,000
Emerald Green Colombia, Zambia $500-$10,000

As seen in the table, paraíba tourmaline surpasses other gemstones in terms of its vividness and rarity, commanding a higher price in the market. Its unique qualities and breathtaking colors make paraíba tourmaline a standout choice for those seeking a truly remarkable gemstone for their collection.

Tanzanite: A Rare Gemstone with Intense Violet-Blue Hues

Tanzanite is a highly coveted gemstone known for its captivating violet-blue hues. It is an incredibly rare gemstone that can only be found in a small area in Tanzania. What makes tanzanite even more special is its remarkable resemblance to fine sapphires, but at a fraction of the price. Its rich, intense color and exceptional brilliance make it a favorite among gemstone collectors and enthusiasts.

Discovered in 1967, tanzanite quickly gained popularity thanks to Tiffany & Co.’s marketing efforts. Since then, it has become a highly sought-after gemstone for its beauty and rarity. Tanzanite’s color is enhanced through heat treatment, which brings out its vibrant blue hues. This process does not affect the gemstone’s value or quality, making it a reliable choice for gemstone connoisseurs.

For rare gemstone collectors, tanzanite holds great allure as a potential gemstone investment. As the supply of this gemstone is limited to just one location, its availability is expected to decrease over time, driving up its value. Investing in tanzanite allows collectors to own a piece of nature’s beauty while potentially enjoying the benefits of its increasing worth.

“Tanzanite possesses an exquisite beauty that is unmatched. Its intense violet-blue hues, combined with its rarity, make it a truly exceptional gemstone.” – Gemstone Expert

Whether you are a gemstone enthusiast, a collector, or someone looking for a unique addition to your jewelry collection, tanzanite is a gemstone that can’t be overlooked. Its rarity, intense color, and potential as a gemstone investment make it a valuable and treasured gemstone.

Gemstone Color Rarity Price Range (per carat)
Tanzanite Violet-Blue Highly Rare $500 – $2,000
Paraíba Tourmaline Blue-Green Extremely Rare $2,000 – $10,000
Burma Ruby Red Very Rare $5,000 – $50,000+

Burma Ruby: Exceptional Quality and Vivid Reds

Burma rubies are among the most coveted gemstones in the world, renowned for their exceptional quality and vivid red color. Often referred to as “pigeon blood” rubies, these gemstones are highly valued for their intense and fluorescent red hues that are unmatched by rubies from other regions. The scarcity of Burma rubies adds to their allure, making them highly sought after in the rare gemstone market.

What sets Burma rubies apart is their lack of trace iron, which results in a more vibrant and saturated red color. Rubies from Thailand, while of high quality, usually contain more iron impurities, leading to a slightly darker red hue. Precious gemstone dealers and collectors recognize the timeless beauty and allure of Burma rubies, appreciating their exceptional quality and rarity.

“Burma rubies are a testament to nature’s artistry, with their exceptional quality and vivid reds that command attention and admiration.” – Gemstone expert

Gemstone Color Clarity Price per Carat
Burma Ruby Intense Red Transparent $10,000 – $1,000,000+
Thailand Ruby Dark Red Transparent $2,000 – $100,000+

Exceptional Quality and Rarity

Burma rubies are prized for their exceptional quality, as they possess the perfect combination of color, clarity, and transparency. Gemstone enthusiasts and collectors value these rubies for their unrivaled beauty and rarity. The scarcity of Burma rubies in the market further contributes to their value, making them highly sought after by those looking to add a truly exceptional gemstone to their collection.

When it comes to investing in gemstones, Burma rubies have proven to be a safe and lucrative choice. The rarity and desirability of these gemstones ensure their long-term value appreciation, making them a sound investment option for both collectors and investors in the rare gemstone market.

Whether adorned in a piece of jewelry or treasured in a gemstone collection, Burma rubies continue to captivate with their exceptional quality and vivid reds, leaving a lasting impression on all who admire them.

Jadeite: An Exquisite Gem with Electric Green Shades

Jadeite is a highly prized gemstone known for its bright electric green color. This mesmerizing gem holds great significance in Chinese, Mayan, and Maori cultures, symbolizing purity, harmony, and good fortune. With its translucent appearance and smooth texture, jadeite is truly a sight to behold. Its unique coloring and cultural significance have made jadeite a coveted gemstone among rare gemstone collectors and those with exclusive gemstone collections.

The Value of Jadeite

Jadeite’s value is determined by its color, clarity, and carat weight. The most highly valued jadeite is pure green in color, known as “imperial jade.” This vivid green shade is extremely rare and commands a high price in the market. Other desirable colors of jadeite include lavender, intense green, and yellow. The presence of other minerals, such as black specks or white spots, can lower the value of jadeite. Inclusions in the stone can also affect its transparency and overall quality.

“Jadeite is a gemstone that exudes elegance and beauty. Its vibrant green shades are truly captivating, and it holds a special place in the world of gemstones.” – Gemstone Collector

Collecting Jadeite

Jadeite’s rarity and unique beauty make it a prized addition to any collection. It is often sought after by gemstone collectors for its cultural significance and investment potential. When collecting jadeite, it’s important to consider factors such as color, clarity, and cut. A well-cut jadeite with vibrant and evenly distributed color will command a higher value. It’s also crucial to ensure that the jadeite is certified by a reputable gemological institute to guarantee its authenticity and quality.

Color Clarity Carat Weight
Imperial Green Translucent 1 carat and above
Lavender Slightly included 0.5 carat and above
Intense Green Transparent 1 carat and above
Yellow Slightly included 0.5 carat and above

Whether you are a collector or simply appreciate the beauty of gemstones, jadeite is a gem that stands out. Its electric green shades and cultural significance make it a truly exquisite addition to any jewelry collection or gemstone display.

Alexandrite: A Color-Changing Wonder

Alexandrite is a rare and mesmerizing gemstone that captivates collectors and enthusiasts in the rare gemstone market. What sets alexandrite apart is its remarkable ability to change color, creating a truly extraordinary experience. Depending on the lighting conditions, this unique gemstone can display vibrant hues of emerald green, peacock blue, ruby red, or purple.

The color-changing properties of alexandrite are attributed to trace amounts of chromium in its crystal structure. This natural phenomenon adds to the allure and value of the gemstone, making it highly sought after. With its captivating beauty and rarity, alexandrite has become a favorite among rare gemstone collectors who appreciate its unique and ever-changing display of colors.

“Alexandrite is a gemstone that never ceases to amaze me. Its ability to shift colors under different lighting conditions is truly mesmerizing.” – Gemstone Collector

For those seeking something truly special and exclusive, alexandrite is a gemstone that stands out in any collection. Its scarcity in the market further adds to its desirability, making it a prized possession for rare gemstone collectors. Whether you are an avid collector or simply admire the beauty of gemstones, alexandrite is sure to leave a lasting impression and become a cherished addition to your collection.

Notable Characteristics of Alexandrite

Characteristics Description
Color Alexandrite exhibits a color change from green to red, with additional shades of blue and purple under different lighting conditions.
Clarity Alexandrite is typically transparent to translucent, with few inclusions visible to the naked eye.
Hardness On the Mohs scale, alexandrite measures between 8.5 and 9, making it a durable gemstone suitable for jewelry.
Origin The finest alexandrite gemstones are sourced from mines in Russia, particularly from the Ural Mountains region.

When it comes to rare gemstones, Alexandrite stands out as a true marvel of nature. Its color-changing abilities, coupled with its rarity in the market, make it a highly sought-after gemstone for collectors. Whether appreciated for its captivating beauty or cherished as a unique addition to a jewelry collection, Alexandrite continues to fascinate and amaze gemstone enthusiasts worldwide.


Rare precious gemstones possess a unique allure and value that captivate gemstone enthusiasts and collectors. These exquisite gemstones, such as paraíba tourmaline, tanzanite, Burma ruby, jadeite, and alexandrite, showcase mesmerizing colors and exceptional qualities that make them highly sought after in the rare gemstone market. Whether you are a gemstone enthusiast or a collector, these rare gemstones offer a truly extraordinary addition to your collection.

Not only are these gemstones beautiful, but they also hold significant value as potential gemstone investments. Their rarity and exclusivity make them highly desirable in the market, ensuring their long-term appreciation. For gemstone collectors, acquiring these rare gemstones is not just a passion but also a wise investment.

As you explore the world of rare gemstones, you’ll discover the treasures that await. From the vibrant hues of paraíba tourmaline and tanzanite to the exceptional quality of Burma rubies and jadeite, each gemstone tells a unique story. So whether you’re a gemstone enthusiast, a collector, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty and value of exquisite gemstones, these rare precious gems are sure to leave a lasting impression.


What are some rare gemstones that are highly sought after?

Some rare gemstones that are highly sought after include paraíba tourmaline, tanzanite, Burma ruby, jadeite, alexandrite, ammolite, Kashmir sapphire, natural pearl, red beryl, and benitoite.

Where is paraíba tourmaline found?

Paraíba tourmaline is found in Brazil’s Paraíba state, as well as Mozambique and Nigeria.

What contributes to tanzanite’s rise in popularity?

Tiffany & Co’s marketing efforts contributed to tanzanite’s rise in popularity after its discovery in 1967.

Why are Burma rubies highly valued?

Burma rubies are highly valued for their exceptional quality, lack of trace iron, and vibrant, fluorescent red color.

What makes jadeite a highly prized gemstone?

Jadeite is highly prized for its bright electric green color, translucence, and texture. It holds great significance in Chinese, Mayan, and Maori cultures.

What gives alexandrite its color-changing abilities?

Alexandrite’s color-changing abilities are attributed to trace amounts of chromium in its crystal structure.

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